Third Myanmar Green Economy Green Growth Forum to produce desired outcomes for success of realization of sustainable development initiatives

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Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Nov 2013

Technologies and funds are needed for green economy initiatives while shaping the scheme of poverty alleviation and sustainable development in developing countries, President U Thein Sein said at an opening of the 3rd Green Economy Green Growth Forum held at Myanmar International Convention Centre-MICC, here, this morning.

It was also attended by Vice-President Dr Sai Mauk Kham, the Union ministers, the committee chairmen of Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw, the deputy ministers, the chairman and members of Myanmar Green Economy Green Growth, responsible persons of Myanmar Engineering Society, Association of Myanmar Architects, the UN agencies and international organizations, local and foreign environmentalists, foreign diplomats, departmental heads and guests. President U Thein Sein delivered an address on the occasion. He said: the paramount important tools for achieving statainable development and poverty reduction which was discussed as priority topic in Rio+20 in 2013. In seeking economic developmentthrough green economy, Myanmar has view that there should be different approaches and models based on each country’s national circumstances and priorities as no one sized fit all.

According to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (2013), our planet is changing into the warmer situation expressing, “Each of the last three decades has been successively earmer at the Earth’s surface than any preceding decade since 1850”. This is because of the past developmental trend of, “Growth first, Clean up later”. As a result, we are now facing with more frequent natural disasters such as storms, floods, drought, untimely rainfall posed by climate changes than ever before.

These frequent natural disasters jeopardize our activities for poverty eradication, for hunger-free world. Taking this opportunity, I am very pleased to say that Myanmar has been making great efforts in mitigation and adaptation measures in order to cope with ever changing climate such as enactment of Environmental Conservation Law in 2012, preparation of National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA) in 2013, reforestation of watershed areas and extending Protected Area System and conserving biodiversity across the country.

Food, water and energy systems are actually inextricably linked one another, and we therefore should not view these systems separately.

If food, water and energy nexus becomes unbalanced, there will then be clear consequences for public health, our economy and the environment. If there is drought, for example, there will be no capability of producing food from the drier land, and it will finally lead to increasing food and wood-fuel prices.

As you all are aware, modern agriculture relies upon machinery that runs on gasoline and diesel fuel. Therefore, today, we are at the age where we need to develop renewable energy sources through geothermal, wind, solar power, and failing to do this will greatly threaten our survival. Sustainable production and consumption is vitally important for long-term use of our natural resources and environment. We must recognize that these resources belong not only to present but also to future generations. Here I would like to emphasize the importance of forests in seeking development.

Forests can be considered as a centre of sustainable development because forests support varieties of ecosystem services including food, fresh water and energy which are under discussion in today’s forum. Forests regulate climatic system, protect biodiversity and soil, produce fresh air, sequester carbon dioxide, and we therefore need to protect forests at our  utmost priority. Nowadays, we have been inviting international investment in Myanmar for the sake of all round development of the country. Myanmar has been in the process of changing pathway to sustainable development through low carbon economy and green technologies.

Myanmar firmly believes the green economy contributes to eradicating poverty as well as to sustained economic growth, enhancing social inclusion, improving human welfare and creating opportunities for employment and decent work for all, while maintaining the healthyfunctioning of the Earth’s Ecosystems.

Next, Union Minister U Win Tun, Chairman of Myanmar Green Economy Green Growth (Myanmar) U Thein Tun, Chairman of Indonesian President’s Advisory Council Indonesian Retired Minister Prof. Mr. Emil Salim and Ms. Julie M. Jacobsen Takahashi, charge d’ affaires ai of Norwegian Embassy in Myanmar extended greetings.

Then, the President and the Vice-President posed for documentary photos together with those present.

Afterwards, the third forum of green growth and green economy followed.

The forum will be held on 21 and 22 November at Diamond Jubilee Hall of Yangon University.

ref: www.president-office.gov.mm

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Vice-President Dr Sai Mauk Kham addresses second Green Economy and Green Growth Forum

Nay Pyi Taw, 13 Nov

“Our common objective of Green Economy and Green Growth is to have sustainable development. It means that natural resources are made available to current and future generation. For poverty alleviation and sustainable development, Green Economy is one of the five leading headings under “The Future We Want” as well as one of the most important things for sustainable development.

Although there are so many alternative opportunities for adopting green economy policies, the policies should not be strict ones. All have agreed that Myanmar’s green economy may contribute to eradication of poverty, sustainable development, all inclusiveness, more job opportunities and better global eco system,” said Vice- President Dr Sai Mauk Kham at the opening ceremony of 2nd Green Economy and Green Growth Forum.

He continued to say that The Future We Want was announced in Rio+20 Declaration held in Brazil in June this year. In an attempt to enjoy sustainable development through green economy, every country should have different approaches, goals and many alternatives. In the cases of eradication of poverty and sustainable development, special emphasis is being placed on least environmental- degradation technology, research and development, technology transfer to developing countries and creation of sophisticated technology that can facilitate green economy.

It is also important for finance, technology, capacity building and important linkages between country’s necessities. Effective utilization of natural resources and effective management for environmental degradation and minimizing wastage become a green economy.

It is expected that the rapidly growing world population would reach nine billion by 2050. The growing population may bear too much burden on the use of natural resources. For instance, 41 percent of world’s population is living in arid zones and 20 percent have no access to clean water. With the growing population, more people who have no clean and safe water would increase. Due to the lack of effective utilization of water resources, people would face the scarcity of water, thereby leading to the outbreak of conflicts between some countries.

Effective ways for use of water for irrigation, urban cleaning and industries should put into consideration. That is to say, we should avoid the development due to excessive exploitation of natural resources for future development alone. Human beings play a crucial role for sustainable development in first Rio Declaration held in Brazil in 1992 and have rights to enjoy better environmental friendly life.

Anyway, green economy is the most appropriate way for future development. People around the world will have to make basic changes to use of resources, manufacturing and waste disposal. It means that it needs to change their old behaviors.

The Vice-President said that Myanmar was transforming itself into democracy in accord with the new constitution; that progress could be seen at the time when political , economic , social and administrative reforms were in progress; that among them, green growth and green economy could be assumed as a developmental policy; that the concept of placing emphasis on development first and addressing the bad consequences later on was out of date; and that in shaping the nation n to developed one through green economy, approach should be made in accord with the particular conditions of a certain country.

Sustainability of economic development through green economy had become more and more important as economic relations between Myanmar and foreign countries was in good shape while they were making arrangements to invest in industrial sector and other businesses and some were in here making investments.

If the nation was not on the track to green development, natural resources would be depleted soon and the way we chose would be widely blamed by next generation for depletion of natural resources. It was required to avoid the ways of social and economic development that could deplete natural resources.

Myanmar firmly pledged to implement the tasks of economic development in parallel with environmental conservation. All citizens had already been urged to actively participate in the environmental conservation works.

The government raised the awareness of environmental conservation, acknowledging the active participation of private sector and urging them to cooperate with the government. Environmental Conservation Law was promulgated in 2012 and the Ministry of Forestry was reconstituted as the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry.

Only cooperation through pragmatic efforts based on declarations, directives and pledges  and decisions, could develop efficiency and effectiveness. Governments of each and every country make investments in green economy based on decisions made in the meetings led by the United Nations. In doing so, investments should be made till green economy saw remarkable progress.

He would like to urge panel of chairs and co chairs to supervise the whole meeting to be able to produce good outcomes.

Transformation of green development from national to international levels called for aid and sustainable development and he believed that practical processes and good results would emerge in the meeting.

The Vice-President said he would like to praise the GEGG, the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry and the Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development for organizing the forum and make a wish for the success of the forum and emergence of good outcomes asspired by every one.

Next, Vice-President Dr Sai Mauk Kham posed for a documentary photo together with the Union ministers and those present.   Then Chairman of GEGG U Thein Tun and scholars spoke on the occasion.

In his speech, Union Minister for Environmental Conservation and Forestry U Win Tun said that the world nations were striving for economic growth with the increased use of natural resources and environment; that it could be seen in developing countries; that sustainability of economic growth should be not only for today’s generation but for next generation. According to the agenda, officials read out their papers respectively.

Also present at the forum together with the Vice-President were Union ministers, deputy ministers, members of environmental conservation, the Vice- Chairman of ADB, representatives of Norwegian and Swedish governments, resident representatives of UN agencies, representatives of international organizations, departmental heads and guests.

The second Green Economy and Green Growth Forum will be held up to 15 November.

ref: www.president-office.gov.mm

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